Bryson DeChambeau’s “Brooksy” Controversy Takes Unexpected Turn

The PGA Tour found itself in an unusual position after fans have been calling Bryson DeChambeau by another player’s name. And now, Jay Monahan, the Tour’s commissioner has decided to make it stop.

Bryson DeChambeau posing with his 2020 U.S. Open trophy.

The heckling was initiated by fans of Brooks Koepka who decided to call DeChambeau “Brooksy” because of the ongoing beef between the two golfers. The taunting has been going on all summer, starting at the Memorial, continuing through the U.S. Open, and reaching its boiling point during this past weekend with an intense post-round exchange between a Brooksy-chanting fan and Bryson DeChambeau.

DeChambeau's rival Brooks Koepka wearing a Nike AeroBill Classic99 Printed Golf Hat during the 2019 U.S Open. Jay Monahan Won’t Tolerate “Brooksy” Chants

The PGA Tour commissioner decided to confront the issue during a meeting with the media. Monahan announced that fan behavior and interaction with athletes shouldn’t cross the line and that when that happens, the problem should be addressed by both journalists and the sport’s governing body. He also theorized that the lockdown has left many golf enthusiasts frustrated, which is why some supporters have brought extra, but unwelcomed, energy to the tournaments. Monahan continued his statement by saying that their sport has the best fans in the world and that the issue is due to just a few bad actors.

PGA Tour commissioner, Jay Monahan during a press conference with the media. Bryson DeChambeau Has Been Dealing With Hecklers Daily

The truth, however, is that it’s a lot more than a few ill-behaved supporters. The “Brooksy” chants fill DeChambeau’s every walk from green to tee and vice versa. Given the monotonous nature of the PGA Tour, the negative effect of the yells piles up over time and leads to unwanted escalation.

Monahan concluded his meeting with the media by saying that all Brooksy-yellers will be kicked out of the event, even if their cries aren’t traditionally offensive. He stated that the fan code of conduct is relatively easy to enforce.

Only time will tell if the commissioner’s intervention will offer Bryson DeChambeau the tranquility he needs to play golf at the highest possible level.

Studies Say That Mars’ Liquid Brines Aren’t Habitable

Liquid brines are located on Mars, and recent studies have shown that they are more common and longer-lasting than scientists once thought. According to the Nature Astronomy journal, their properties, along with their temperatures also make them uninhabitable for the Earth’s microorganisms.

The planet Mars from afar
Studies Say That Mars’ Liquid Brines Aren’t Habitable

What Are Liquid Brines?

Brine is a very concentrated solution that consists of salt (NaCl) in water (H20). Brine can be referred to as a variety of salt solutions that range from the standard concentration of seawater – 3.5% up to close to 26% which is a standard saturated solution based on its temperature.

Salts that come in contact with water reduce the freezing point temperature along with the water vapor pressure.

Mars is a planet in our solar system that is the most Earth-like which is why it is constantly being explored. It has quite large reservoirs of H20, which is one of the essentials for human life.

Liquid Brines on Mars

Liquid Brines on Mars from above
Studies Say That Mars’ Liquid Brines Aren’t Habitable

Few regions or environments on Mars can host liquid water that meets specific temperature and water activity requirements. These allow for terrestrial organisms to replicate.

The atmosphere on Mars is too thin and cold, which doesn’t allow the stable liquid to persist on the surface. However, the presence of salt can create liquid substances, brines, and they can last in stable condition for quite some time.

Edgard Rivera-Valentin, who works at the Universities Space Research Association in Texas alongside Vincent Chevrier, from the University of Arkansas, combined a thermodynamic model that has a climate model able to investigate exactly where brine can form on planet Mars and for how long.

The results showed that the metastability expands the locations along with the duration of the brines on Mars, which is way beyond what any previous thought. It does this because of the surrounding equatorial regions.

Edgard and Vincent, along with other colleagues, found that up to 40% of the Martian surface can host stable brines, no matter the latitude. They also concluded that the brines could last up to 6 consecutive hours and 2% of the Martian year.